Mental or physical disorders

The information below is again based on information from the American Association of Suicidology1, and lists various mental and physical disorders that would give a person an increased likelihood of committing suicide. It should be noted that these type of risk factors are all treatable/capable of being modified.

  • Psychiatric disorders, especially:

    • Mood disorder (particularly depression)

    • Anxiety disorder

    • Schizophrenia

    • Substance use disorder (alcohol abuse or drug abuse/dependence)

    • Eating disorders

    • Body dysmorphic disorder (an anxiety disorder where someone is excessively concerned about and preoccupied by a perceived defect in their physical features)

    • Conduct disorder (a pattern of repetitive behaviour where the rights of others or social norms are violated - symptoms include verbal and physical aggression, cruel behaviour toward people and pets, destructive behaviour, lying, truancy, vandalism, and stealing)

  • More than one psychiatric disorder at the same time (depression and alcohol misuse being particularly dangerous)

  • A psychiatric disorder and an Axis II personality disorder (especially if the Axis II disorder is antisocial or borderline personality disorders) or an Axis III medical disorder

  • Axis II personality disorder, especially category B (Category A: paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal; Category B: antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic; Category C: avoidant, dependant, obsessive-compulsive). See Axis II personality disorders for more information.

  • Axis III medical disorders (brain injuries and other medical/physical disorders which may aggravate existing diseases or present symptoms similar to other disorders, especially if it involves functional impairment and/or chronic pain)

  • Traumatic brain injury

  • Low self-esteem/high self-hate

  • Tolerant/accepting attitude toward suicide

  • Lack of acceptance by someone or their family of their sexual orientation

  • Smoking

  • Perfectionism (especially in context of depression)


  1. American Association of Suicidology, Factsheet: The Risk Factors for Suicide and suicidal Behaviors, from